The panel of 21 judges is the highest judicial power in Chile. The stratovolcano, which is shared with Argentina, is part of the Andean ranges and lies within the Atacama Desert. The city is now home to a growing theater and restaurant scene, extensive suburban development, dozens of shopping centers, and a rising skyline, including the tallest building in Latin America, the Gran Torre Santiago. Elevation of Santiago is 545.06 meters or 1788.26 feet and the elevation of Salamanca is 514.58 meters or 1688.27 feet, which is a difference of 30.48 meters or 99.99 feet. By 1895, 75% of the national manufacturing industry was in the capital and only 28% in the harbor city, and by 1910, major banks and shops were set up in the streets of the city center, leaving Valparaíso. The growth of Santiago has undergone several changes over the course of its history. Elevation : 476 meters / 1561.68 feet, 26. To carry out various cultural, artistic and musical events, there are several precincts within which highlight the Mapocho Cultural Center, 100 Matucana Cultural Center, the Gabriela Mistral Cultural Center, Centro Cultural Palacio de La Moneda, the Movistar Arena and the Caupolican Theater. In areas such as La Dehesa, Lo Curro, and El Arrayan, urban development is present at over 1,000 metres of altitude. The 1647 Santiago earthquake devastated the city, and inspired Heinrich von Kleist's novel, The Earthquake In Chile. , Precipitation is usually only rain, as snowfall only occurs in the Andes and Precordillera, being rare in eastern districts, and extremely rare in most of the city. Chile covers a total area of about 756,096 sq. Elevation is 249.0 feet MSL. Ñuñoa, Santiago Elevation on Map Elevation : 538 meters / 1765.09 feet, 10. During this time the downtown district was consolidated into a commercial, financial and administrative center, with the establishment of various portals and locales around Ahumada Street and a Civic District in the immediate surroundings of the Palace of La Moneda. The geographical location and very particular (and long) shape that allows different weather and vegetation manifest throughout the country. Although early Santiago appeared to be in imminent danger of permanent destruction, threatened by Indigenous attacks, earthquakes, and a series of floods, the city began to grow rapidly. San Joaquín, Santiago Elevation on Map  Some international institutions, such as ECLAC (Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean), have their offices in Santiago. - 7.03 km/4.37 mi - Elevation : 564 meters / 1850.39 feet, 25. , The Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (PUC) was founded in June 1888 and was ranked as the best school in Latin America in 2014. But, besides this, there is a twinkling in the eyewhich cannot indicate anything but cunning and ferocity. It connects the rural areas north of Santiago. Peldehue airport in Colina is under construction and set to start operations in January 2019.. HIDE BRIDGE, SANTIAGO DE CHILE. This range reaches 3296 metres at Cerro de Ramón. Santiago, Santiago Metropolitan Region, Chile elevation. The aristocracy built small palaces for residential use, mainly around the neighborhood Republica and preserved until today. Below is the Elevation map of Santiago,Chile, which displays range of elevation with different colours. Santiago (elevation 520 meters, 1,700 feet) is one of the most beautiful cities in South America. Elevation : 492 meters / 1614.17 feet. Elevation : 508 meters / 1666.67 feet, 22. For the upper class, it began to approach the foothills of Las Condes and La Reina sector. Santiago, Chile - Travel and vacation weather averages, current conditions and forecasts. The club hosts its home games in the Estadio Monumental in the commune of Macul. A fire destroyed the building of the Congress in 1895, which was then rebuilt in a neoclassical style and reopened in 1901. Bus companies provide passenger transportation from Santiago to most areas of the country as well as to foreign destinations, while some also provide parcel shipping and delivery services. It includes an integrated fare system, which allows passengers to make bus-to-bus, bus-to-metro or bus-to-train transfers for the price of one ticket, using a contactless smartcard (bip!). Elevation : 569 meters / 1866.8 feet, 12. The system was launched in earnest on 10 February 2007, combining core services across the city with the subway and with local feeder routes, under a unified system of payment through a contactless smartcard called "Tarjeta bip!" Locality: A long, narrow country, it extends approximately 2,700 miles and has an average width of just 110 miles. Parque Intercomunal), This page was last edited on 19 November 2020, at 17:19. In order to promote the economic development of other regions, the law prohibits the construction of a casino in the metropolitan region, but nearby are the casino from the coastal city of Vina del Mar, 120 km from distance from Santiago, and Monticello Grand Casino in Mostazal, 56 kilometers south of Santiago, which opened in 2008. North of the Plaza de Armas ("Square of Arms," where the colonial militia was mustered) are the Paseo Puente, the Santo Domingo Church (1771), and the Central Market (Mercado Central), an ornamental iron building. Extant buildings include the Casa Colorada (1769), the San Francisco Church (1586), and Posada del Corregidor (1750). Pudahuel on map 67.6% of the inhabitants of Santiago claim to have been born in one of the communes of the metropolitan area. In Santiago's major theater companies are located, hosting several national and international projects, with the highest expression during the International Theatre Festival known as Santiago a Mil, which takes place every summer since 1994 and has gathered more than one million spectators. On 11 September 1541, the city was destroyed by the natives, but the 55-strong Spanish Garrison managed to defend the fort. Santiago is also served by Eulogio Sánchez Airport (ICAO: SCTB), a small, privately owned general aviation airport in the commune of La Reina. Elevation, latitude and longitude of Las Condes, Santiago, Chile on the world topo map. The natives accepted and even recommended the foundation of the town on a small island between two branches of the river next to a small hill called Huelén. Terminal La Cisterna: located in Metro station "La Cisterna." The villages established in the areas belonging to the Picunches (the name given by Chileans) or Promaucae people (name given by the Incas), were subject to the Inca Empire throughout the late fifteenth century and into the early sixteenth century. Landslides of the debris flow type in particular are a significant hazard. A new momentum in the urban development of the capital took place during the so-called "Liberal Republic" and the administration of Mayor Benjamín Vicuña Mackenna. Having been sent by Francisco Pizarro from Peru and having made the long journey from Cuzco, Extremadura conquistador Pedro de Valdivia reached the valley of the Mapocho on 13 December 1540. ... 965 meters / 3166.01 feet . Alonso de Cordova also houses some of Santiago's most famous restaurants, art galleries, wine showrooms and furniture stores. Macul, Santiago Elevation on Map Estadio San Carlos de Apoquindo, at the eastern edge of the city, has an elevation of 960 m (3,150 ft). This growth was mainly due to the arrival of farmers from the south who came to work in factories and railroads which were under construction. Elevation : 965 meters / 3166.01 feet, 14. Normal (Chile) – Section 2: Monthly Normals", "Klimatafel von Santiago de Chile (Stadt) / Chile", "Santiago (00000034) - National Weather Station", "Landslide susceptibility maps of Santiago city Andean foothills, Chile", "Severe air pollution plagues Chilean cities", "Chilean University Finds Santiago Pollution Has Doubled", "Elemental concentrations of ambient particles and cause specific mortality in Santiago, Chile: a time series study", "the role of monitoring in air quality management", "Cruzada ambiental por el Mapocho limpio", "Informe anual de coberturas de servicios sanitarios", "Chile, proyecciones de población al 30 de junio (1990–2020): Región Metropolitana de Santiago", Censo 2017: 28% de habitantes en la comuna de Santiago son inmigrantes, Estas son las comunas de Chile con mayor porcentaje de población extranjera, "Chile: Economy, income inequality growing", "Construccion aeródromo peldehue finalizará en enero 2019", "Chilean president inaugurates Santiago metro Line 3", "Santiago Public Transportation Statistics", Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, "Anuario Parque de Vehículos en Circulación", Una autoridad metropolitana para Santiago, "Santiago: ¿Dónde estamos?, ¿Hacia dónde vamos? A study by a Chilean university found in 2010 that pollution in Santiago had doubled. The city outskirts are surrounded by vineyards and Santiago is within an hour of both the mountains and the Pacific Ocean. - 7.4 km/4.6 mi - To differentiate with other cities called Santiago, the South American city is sometimes called "Santiago de Chile" in Spanish and other languages. It has faced a number of problems since its launch. The departure of these companies to Barrio Alto and the construction of shopping centers all around the city created a crisis in the city center. The main road is the Avenida Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins, better known as Alameda Avenue, which runs northeast and southwest. , There is an extensive network of bicycle trails in the city, especially in the Providencia commune. , The 1960 Valdivia earthquake and the 1985 Algarrobo earthquake both caused damage in Santiago, and led to the development of strict building codes with a view to minimising future earthquake damage. Many people use folding bicycles to commute to work..  The highest authority in Santiago is considered to be the intendant of the Santiago Metropolitan Region, an unelected delegate of the president. Provides buses to all destinations in Chile as well as to destinations in most countries in South America, except Bolivia. The project, with a total area of 600,000 square meters, includes the 300-meter high Gran Torre Santiago (South America's tallest building) and other commercial buildings. Quinta Normal, Santiago Elevation on Map At the same time, the 1875 International Exposition was held in the grounds of the Quinta Normal..  In the 1990s air pollution fell by about one-third, but there has been little progress since 2000. Pedro Aguirre Cerda on map Elevation : 538 meters / 1765.09 feet, 4. The 2023 Pan American Games will be held in Santiago.  Other communes of Greater Santiago with high numbers of immigrants are Estación Central (17%) and Recoleta (16%).  Particulate matter air pollution is a serious public health concern in Santiago, with atmospheric concentrations of PM2.5 and PM10 regularly exceeding standards established by the US Environmental Protection Agency and World Health Organization. - 7.94 km/4.94 mi - 525 people died, of whom 13 were in Santiago, and the damage was estimated at 15–30 billion US dollars. The cause of this was a strategy by the local indigenous Picunche to stop cultivation and retreat to more distant places. This line, inaugurated in 2017, serves 8 million people per year, with 12 trains serving 10 stations with a frequency of 6 minutes during rush hours, and 12 during the rest of the time. In 1865, the census reported 115,337 inhabitants. Meanwhile, a strong earthquake struck the city on 3 March 1985. The population density in Santiago is 8,464 inhabitants/km2. Located in the heart of the Santiago Basin (valley) and the Santiago Metropolitan Region is, Santiago - the capital and the largest city of Chile. The Spanish army gained new victories in 1818 and headed for Santiago, but their march was definitively halted on the plains of the Maipo River, during the Battle of Maipú on 5 April 1818. Valdivia later summoned the chiefs of the area to a parliament, where he explained his intention to found a city on behalf of the king Carlos I of Spain, which would be the capital of his governorship of Nueva Extremadura. The city became the main hub of the national railway system. It works by combining local (feeder) bus lines and main bus lines, as well for the EFE commuter trains and the Metro network. During winter months, thermal inversion (a meteorological phenomenon whereby a stable layer of warm air holds down colder air close to the ground) causes high levels of smog and air pollution to be trapped and concentrated within the Central Valley. 0 2 0 Colectivos are shared taxicabs that carry passengers along a specific route for a fixed fee. In its early years, the city had a rate of growth 2.9% annually until the 17th century, then down to less than 2% per year until the early 20th century figures. Parque Araucano in Las Condes adjacent to the Parque Arauco shopping mall contains 30 hectares of gardens. This page shows the elevation/altitude information of Valparaíso, Valparaiso Region, Chile, including elevation map, topographic map, narometric pressure, longitude and latitude. Santiago is Chile's retail capital. After the coup of 1973 and the establishment of the military regime, major changes in urban planning did not take place until the 1980s, when the government adopted a neoliberal economic model. This figure reflects broad growth in the population of the city during the 20th century: it had 383,587 inhabitants in 1907; 1,010,102 in 1940; 2,009,118 in 1960; 3,899,619 in 1982; and 4,729,118 in 1992. Conchalí, Santiago Elevation on Map Provides buses to towns around southern Santiago, Viña del Mar, Temuco and Puerto Montt. La Granja on map Santiago is the administrative, cultural, industrial and financial center of the country. In 2010 Chile was struck by the sixth largest earthquake ever recorded, reaching 8.8 on the moment magnitude scale. Santiago's cityscape is shaped by several stand-alone hills and the fast-flowing Mapocho River, lined by parks such as Parque Forestal and Balmaceda Park. - 4.54 km/2.82 mi -  The wettest year since records began in 1866 was 1900 with 819.7 millimetres (32.27 in) – part of a "pluvial" from 1898 to 1905 that saw an average of 559.3 millimetres (22.02 in) over eight years incorporating the second wettest year in 1899 with 773.3 millimetres (30.44 in) – and the driest 1924 with 66.1 millimetres (2.60 in). Coordinates: S33°23.67' / W70°47.63' View all Airports in Región Metropolitana de Santiago, Chile. The Sierra de Ramón represents the "Precordillera" of the Andes. In the 1990s the government attempted to reorganize the public transport system. Finally, the Edificio Diego Portales was constructed in 1972. , A final major source of Santiago air pollution, one that continues year-round, is the smelter of the El Teniente copper mine. Founded in 1541 by the Spanish conquistador Pedro de Valdivia, Santiago has been the capital city of Chile since colonial times. Some newspapers available in Santiago are: Santiago is home to the major Chilean television networks including the state-owned TVN and the privately held Canal 13, Chilevision, La Red and Mega. 20 km (12 mi) further east is the even larger Cordillera of the Andes, which has mountains and volcanoes that exceed 6,000 m (19,690 ft) and on which some glaciers are present. As of March 2007, only 61% of the wastewater in Santiago was treated, which increased up to 71% by the end of the same year. The definition of this metropolitan area has evolved due to the continuing expansion of the city and the absorption of smaller cities and rural areas. Lima, for example, is about 505 feet (154 meters) above sea level at the Plaza de Armas (the main plaza), while Cerro San Cristóbal (the highest point in Lima) rises up to 1,312 feet (400 meters). In climate station of Quinta Normal (near downtown) the precipitation average is 341.8 mm, and in climate station of Tobalaba (in higher grounds near the Andes mountains) the precipitation average is 367.8 mm. Close by is the Municipal Theatre of Santiago, which was built in 1857 by the French architect Brunet of Edward Baines. Pudahuel, Santiago Elevation on Map Elevation : 715 meters / 2345.8 feet, 18. It consists of fourteen different departments. This establishment reaffirmed the city's role as capital. Elevation : 462 meters / 1515.75 feet, 30. The latter opened in 2000 and designed mainly for children and youth has been visited by more than 2.8 million visitors, making it the busiest museum in the country. - 7.9 km/4.91 mi - 23% of public transit riders ride for more than 2 hours every day. The railway network was extended allowing connection of the city with its nascent suburbs by a new rail ring and route to the Cajón del Maipo, while a new railway station was built in the north of the city: the Mapocho Station.  The proposed Santiago–Valparaíso railway line would connect Santiago with Valparaíso in 45 minutes, and expansions of the commuter rail network to Melipilla and Batuco are under discussion.
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